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Discovering Saudi Arabia: Different States of the Kingdom

Saudi Arabia is a land of great diversity, with each of its ten regions offering its own unique culture, history, and geography. From the bustling modernity of the capital city of Riyadh to the ancient ruins of Najran, the country is a complex tapestry of people, traditions, and landscapes.

In this article, we will take a journey through the different states of Saudi Arabia, exploring the highlights of each region and discovering what makes them so special.

Whether you are a seasoned traveler or simply interested in learning more about this fascinating country, this guide will offer you a glimpse into the richness and diversity of Saudi Arabia.

1. Riyadh: The Capital city of Saudi Arabia

Riyadh is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia, with a population of over 7 million people. It is a modern and cosmopolitan city that is home to many of the country’s government and business institutions.

The city is known for its modern architecture, high-end shopping malls, and traditional markets.

Riyadh: The Capital city of Saudi Arabia

Riyadh also has a vibrant arts and culture scene, with many museums and galleries showcasing the country’s rich heritage.

Some of the most liked places in Riyadh are the Kingdom Centre, Al Masmak Fortress, the National Museum of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh Gallery Mall, and Salam Park.

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2. Makkah: The Holiest City of Islam

Makkah is home to the Kaaba, the most sacred site in Islam, and the Grand Mosque, which is one of the largest mosques in the world.

Makkah: The Holiest City of Islam

The city also known as Mecca, is the holiest city in Islam and the spiritual center of the religion. It is located in the western region of Saudi Arabia and is visited by millions of Muslim pilgrims every year. The city also has a rich cultural heritage and is steeped in history, dating back to ancient times.

3. Madina: The City of the Prophet Mohammed and a Place of Spiritual Significance in Islam

Madina, also known as Medina, is the second holiest city in Islam, after Makkah. Located in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia, the city is significant for Muslims because it is the final resting place of the Prophet Muhammad.

The city is home to the Prophet’s Mosque, which is one of the largest mosques in the world and a popular destination for Muslim pilgrims.

Madina: The City of the Prophet Mohammed

Madina also has a rich history and is known for its Islamic heritage, with many historical sites and museums that offer a glimpse into the city’s past.

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4. Tabuk: A Hidden Gem in Saudi Arabia

Known for its beautiful landscapes, including the Red Sea coast and the Tabuk Mountains. Which offer stunning vistas and recreational activities. The city is also home to many historical and archaeological sites.

Tabuk: A Hidden Gem in Saudi Arabia

Including the ancient ruins of Al Ula and the Hejaz Railway Station. Which played an important role in the country’s early history. Tabuk is a hidden gem in Saudi Arabia that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, culture, and history.

5. Al-Qasim: The Agricultural Heartland in Saudi Arabia

Al-Qasim is a city located in the central region of Saudi Arabia. It is known as the agricultural heartland of the country, with vast fields and orchards producing a variety of crops.

The city is also a cultural hub, with a rich history and a strong tradition of poetry and music. Al-Qasim is home to many museums and historical sites that offer a glimpse into the region’s past.

Al-Qasim: The Agricultural Heartland in Saudi Arabia

The city is a must-visit destination for those interested in the country’s cultural heritage. As well as those seeking to explore its natural beauty.

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6. Najran: A Unique Blend of Culture, History, and Natural Beauty in Southern Saudi Arabia

Najran is a city located in the southern region of Saudi Arabia, near the border with Yemen. It is known for its unique blend of culture, history, and natural beauty.

The city is home to many historical sites. Including the Al-Ukhdood archaeological site and the Najran Museum, which showcase the region’s rich heritage. Najran is also known for its stunning natural landscapes, including the nearby Asir Mountains and the Wadi Najran Park.


The city’s vibrant culture, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality make it a must-visit destination for those traveling to Saudi Arabia.

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Saudi Arabia is a country with a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural beauty. Its cities offer a unique blend of ancient heritage, modernity, and traditional Islamic values.

From the holy cities of Makkah and Madina to the agricultural heartland of Al-Qasim, and from the hidden gem of Tabuk to the cultural hub of Najran. Each city has something special to offer visitors.

Whether it’s exploring historical sites, experiencing local culture, or enjoying the natural beauty of the country, Saudi Arabia’s cities offer a fascinating glimpse into the country’s past, present, and future.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main tourist attractions in Riyadh?

Some of the main tourist attractions in Riyadh include the Masmak Fortress, the National Museum, the Kingdom Centre, and the Al Faisaliah Centre.

What are the best natural attractions in Tabuk City?

The Tabuk city flourished with natural beauties like the Red Sea coast, the Tabuk Mountains, and the Wadi Al-Disah Valley.

What is unique about Najran?

The ancient history, cultural heritage, and stunning natural views, with sites like the Al-Ukhdood archaeological site, the Najran Museum, the Asir Mountains, and the Wadi Najran Park.

What are the best places to visit in Makkah?

The best places to visit in Makkah include Masjid al-Haram (the Great Mosque of Makkah), the Abraj Al Bait Towers, the Kaaba, and the Jabal al-Nour mountain.

What are the best places to visit in Madina?

The Prophet’s Mosque, the Al-Madina Museum, and the Al-Qiblatain Mosque are among the places that can captivate anyone’s soul towards itself in the city and are one of the must-visit places in Madina.

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