Saudi Arabia is a country that has always fascinated the world with its rich culture, history, and traditions. The country is also known for its unique legal system, which is quite different from the legal systems of other countries.
A lot of people from throughout the world criticise the rules and regulations of the country. But regardless of thinking about that, Saudi Arabia is continuing their own way of governance in the Arab world.
Here in this article, we will know about the legal system of Saudi Arabia, including its laws, rules, and regulations.
What makes the Legal system of Saudi Arabia?
The legal laws of Saudi Arabia are derived from Islam, which integrates itself from the Quran and the Sunnah (the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad). This legal system is also known as Sharia law, and it governs all aspects of life in Saudi Arabia, including social, economic, and political affairs.
There are three branches to this governance in Arabia: the Islamic Shari’ah and the Najiz, or the civil law system. Here, Shari’ah is made out of Islamic laws and rituals, while Najis is inspired by Europeans for trade and businesses across the globe.
The Shari’ah law is administered by a system of religious courts, while the Najiz is administered by civil courts. Both systems are separate and independent of each other, but they can complement each other in some cases.
Role of Sharia Court in Saudi Arabia
These courts are presided over by Islamic scholars who are experts in Islamic law and jurisprudence and are responsible for hearing cases that relate to family law, inheritance, and personal status.
The judges of the Shari’ah court might not be a scholar in the law, but truly respected individuals who had years of experience in their life and Islamic knowledge. They are also considered to be religious authorities, and their decisions are based on their interpretation of Islamic law and the principles of justice and fairness.
Role of Civil Courts in Saudi Arabia
The civil courts of Saudi Arabia are responsible to deal with commercial and business transactions, as well as criminal cases in the country. These courts are presided over by judges trained in European law and have a background in law.
The civil courts in Saudi Arabia operate in a similar manner to civil courts in other countries. They are responsible for resolving disputes between individuals, companies, and other organisations.
The legal system of Saudi Arabia: Laws and Rules
The legal system of Saudi Arabia is based on a number of laws and rules. Including the Basic Law of Governance, the Criminal Procedure Law, and the Law of Evidence. These laws and rules are designed to provide a framework for the legal system and ensure. That justice is served in a fair and transparent manner.
What is the Basic Law of Governance in Saudi Arabia?
The Basic Law of Governance is the primary law in Saudi Arabia and serves as the constitution of the country. This law sets out the rights and obligations of the government and the rights and responsibilities of the people of Saudi Arabia.
This basic law of governance establishes equality before the law in the country and promotes equal rights for everyone. It also guarantees freedom of religion and expression and prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender, race, or religion.
Criminal Procedure Law in Saudi Arabia
The establishment of the criminal procedure law in the nation is responsible for setting out the rules and procedures for criminal trials. This law establishes the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial, the right to an attorney, and the right to present evidence in their defense.
The Criminal Procedure Law also sets out the rules for the gathering and presentation of evidence in criminal trials. This law is designed to ensure that all evidence is obtained legally and that it is admissible in court.
What is the Law of Evidence?
The law of evidence is the set of rules and regulations related to the collection and presentation of them in court. It is responsible for the admissibility of evidence, including what types of evidence are acceptable and what types are not.
This law also sets out the rules for the presentation of evidence. Including the need for witnesses and the requirements for the reliability of testimony.
One of the unique aspects of the Law of Evidence in Arabia is the requirement for two male witnesses or one male and two female witnesses to establish the truth of an allegation. This requirement is based on Islamic law and is designed to prevent false accusations and ensure. That justice is served in a fair and transparent manner.
Saudi Arabia is a country that believes strictly in Islam and follows all that’s written in it. The country has designed its existence from its roots and culture. With this, the country has been able to make it one of the safest countries in the world.
But there are some restrictions that prohibit the futuristic growth of the country, and lagging behind. But the government of the country is taking necessary initiatives to enhance their growth to a different level.
Frequently Asked Questions
The legal system of the country is derived from the Islamic laws and regulations. It has been carved out from the Quran and the Sunnah, which are the sayings and the actions of the prophet Mohammed.
In the past, women had very restricted indulgence in the governance or the social world. But the current initiatives of the government have allowed women too to take part in the maintenance of the law as judges and lawyers in the country.
The punishment for crimes in Saudi Arabia varies depending on the severity of the crime. Some crimes, such as theft and drug trafficking, may result in the death penalty, while others may result in imprisonment or fines.
Non-muslims have been subjected to the laws and regulations of the country. But there are no subjections of non-muslims in the holy book of Islam.
Any person other than the country cannot serve as a judge in the civil or Sharia court. But they can serve as lawyers for different clients.